There are a few things that first-time users should know before they start sharpening their blades on a whetstone.
First, you need to prepare the stone to be used. To sharpen a knife, you will need to pour either mineral oil or water on the stone in a generous amount. The entire surface of the whetstone must be covered in water or a thick film of mineral oil prior to use.
Next, using the rough side of the stone, sharpen the knife by holding the blade at 15 degrees while doing so. This will allow you to safely sharpen your knife daily without harming the blade.
Hold the blade at a right angle and pull the knife toward you. The cutting edge of your knife should be facing you. You can also try pushing the edge away from you, which ever method you find works best.
Apply pressure as you glide the blade across the stone. Continue doing this around 12 times. The pressure that you apply should be distributed evenly, for the entire length of the blade.
Once you are finished, turn the whetstone over to the smoother side. Repeat the same steps mentioned above to complete the process of sharpening your blade.